Acne or medically termed acne vulgaris is a common skin condition among teenagers and adults. While some teenagers are lucky enough to outgrow acne, some are quite unfortunate and are still afflicted by acne even throughout the adult years. Adult acne usually occur during the 30s, up to even the 50s.
According to skin specialists, acne appears different with teenagers compared to adults. Acne on teenagers appears as many small bumps, whiteheads or blackheads on the face area, most particularly on the forehead area. Aside from these, occasional cysts also occur even on the chest and back area. Acne on adults on the other hand appears as deep nodules, red papules at the lower part of the face such as the jawline. The small bumps as the acne in teenagers also appear during adulthood but are much less common to occur. While the types of acne may vary, treatment will also vary.
There are a lot of treatment options available these days – from a wide array of medications may it be over-the-counter to prescription drugs, a few home remedies, some new and advanced technologies such as laser and light treatments to even cosmetics procedures. Acne laser treatment has been discovered and developed through the advancement and modernization of time. Information about this acne treatment options is discussed below to better understand about acne laser treatment.
About Acne Laser Treatment
Acne laser treatments come in different types of lasers intended to treat certain types of acne, each working in varying ways. Laser and light treatments are able to reach the deep layers of the skin without causing harm to the outermost surface of the skin. Basically, some lasers work by stimulating porphyrins which are compounds present inside the acne bacteria. When these compounds are stimulated, it leads to the breakage of bacterial wall which eventually causes the bacteria to die. This is known to be effective in treating acne caused by bacteria. Other acne laser treatment such as Diode lasers work by destroying many sebaceous or oil glands located within the hair follicles in the dermis layer of the skin which is the layer under the topmost skin layer. Since acne is also believed to be caused by an excess in oil or sebum production of the skin, with this treatment targeting the oil glands, it will reduce the production of oil, hence treating acne and preventing future breakouts.
The different types of acne laser treatment can also be effective in improving acne scars by improving the texture of the skin. Some treatments do so by stimulating the production of collagen and elastin fibers that give out smoother and younger looking skin. Acne laser treatment can also help even out skin discoloration. It usually costs hundreds or thousands of dollars per treatment and the entire laser therapy is actually done in a number of treatments, varying per patient depending on what the skin specialist suggests. The number of sessions and its frequency may somehow depend on the severity of acne, the type of acne and the response of the patient to the treatment. The high cost of the laser treatment is seldom covered by insurance companies. The different types of laser include Diode, high-intensity lasers, InfraRed, Pulsed Light and Heat Energy, and the new vacuum acne laser treatment called Isolaz which works by using a suction device that sucks deep in the pores to extract dirt, blackheads and excess oil, and then sends intense light treatment to the hair follicles to eliminate the acne bacteria and helps shrink sebaceous or oil glands to reduce oil production.
Side effects of Acne Laser Treatment
Acne laser treatment may either be painful or pain-free. It all depends on the person being treated. Some claim that they do not experience pain during acne laser treatment, while some claim otherwise. Topical pain medications are used during treatments to address pain experienced by a patient. Redness, inflammation and skin peeling after acne laser treatment have also been reported. Permanent scarring is also considered a possibility.
Laser treatment options claim to be effective in treating mild to moderate types of acne. While it has shown improvement and shown results in reducing symptoms of acne, acne laser treatment will not work 100% of the time. Each patient is different and the response to the treatment will also vary. Some researchers have also claimed that the effects of acne laser treatments in improving acne might be temporary and that this type of treatment is not part of the first-line treatment for acne. Previous studies on the efficacy of the treatments are inconclusive and so for now, more studies are still needed to further understand the efficacy of laser treatments in treating acne.